Azure – Kubernetes Service: How to deploy a Linux Container Workload

The intention of this post is to explain how to deploy a Linux Container Workload at Azure Kubernetes Service

Azure - Kubernetes Service: How to deploy a Linux Container Workload

1. Introduction

This post explains how to deploy a Linux Container Workload at the Azure Kubernetes Service. The corresponding Container Image is stored and managed by an Azure Container Registry. The deployment will be conducted by adding the dedicated YAML code. This leads to a running Linux Container. The workload will terminate after two minutes. A similar post of conducting a workload at an Azure Kubernetes Service already exists – in contrast to this posts, it’s about deploying a Windows Container Workload.

Azure – Kubernetes Service: How to deploy a Windows Container Workload

2. Linux Container and Container Management

I’m using a simple Linux Dockerfile for demonstrating the deployment of the corresponding workload. In this section the Dockerfile of the Container is explained. It is derived from a Ubuntu 21.10 image (see first line), the next line adds a Bash Script from the local directory “scripts” to the file system of the Container, also inside a “scripts” directory. The third line runs a apt-get update command, for updating the package list (which is not meaningful in that example, as no package will be installed, but it fits to mention this popular Docker command ;)). The final line defines the mentioned Bash script as Entrypoint of the Container.

FROM ubuntu:21.10

ADD "scripts/start.sh" "/scripts/start.sh"

RUN apt-get update 

ENTRYPOINT "/scripts/start.sh"

The Bash file includes a simple “echo” command, after that the script forces the Container to sleep for 2 minutes before the termination is done with the “exit” command.

#!/bin/sh
echo "Hi, I'm your Linux Container!"

sleep 2m

exit

So, after building and running the Container, it reveals as output “Hi, I’m your Linux Container” and after two minutes, the Container terminates.

Azure - Kubernetes Service: How to deploy a Linux Container Workload

All Container related files can be downloaded from my GitHub account:

GitHub – Blog-Files Post 10

2.2 Azure Container Registry – Management of the Container Image

The Azure Kubernetes Service needs to access the Container Image in some way, therefore it is uploaded to a Container Registry. I’ve choosen an Azure Container Registry, named “patricksregistry” which I’ve set up on my own for managing the Container Image. The mentioned Container Image is named “mylinuxcontainer”, and available within “patricksrepo”, which can be seen in the picture below.

Azure - Kubernetes Service: How to deploy a Linux Container Workload

Deploying the Linux Container Workload

3.1 The Azure Kubernetes Service

The AKS, which I’m using for the deployment is capable of conducting Linux and Windows Container Workloads – but in that case, of course just the Linux Node pool “agentpool” would be necessary. So, one of the three available Nodes will be chosen for hosting the corresponding Pod and the Container.

Azure - Kubernetes Service: How to deploy a Linux Container Workload

3.2 The Deployment of the Workload

The deployment is done by adding YAML code, which defines the workload:

Important parts of the YAML code to notice:

  1. The workload is from type “Job”
  2. The name of the Container is set to “mylinuxcontainer”
  3. The image refers to the mentioned Azure Container Registry “patricksregistry”
  4. The node selector is defined to choose a node from the OS type “linux”.
apiVersion: batch/v1
kind: Job
metadata:
  name: mylinuxcontainer
spec:
  template:
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: mylinuxcontainer
        image: patricksregistry.azurecr.io/patricksrepo:mylinuxcontainer
      nodeSelector:
        kubernetes.io/os: linux
      restartPolicy: Never
  backoffLimit: 4

Now, I’m going to trigger the deployment of this workload at the Azure Kubernetes Service by adding the YAML code…

…inserting it…

Azure - Kubernetes Service: How to deploy a Linux Container Workload

…and pushing the button…

AKS_AddwithYAML_Inserted_confirm

This leads to a running workload. If you click at “mylinuxcontainer”, you’ll be linked to the corresponding Pod.

The Pod gets the state “running”, if the Container Image is pulled successfully from the Container Registry, which is the Azure Container Registry with the name “patricksregistry”.

ESPC call for speakers 2024
You can access the Pod, while it’s running – for instance by using the dedicated “kubectl” command:

kubectl exec -it mylinuxcontainer-7vbzd bash

By applying this command, you enter the “mylinuxcontainer-7vbzd” instance. Changing the directory to “scripts” and executing “./start.sh” results to the output “Hi, I’m your Linux Container!”

The exit code reveals that the termination was done, this can also be observed in the Azure Kubernetes Service:

The Pod “mylinuxcontainer-7vbzd” and the related workload “mylinuxcontainer” is completed.

Azure - Kubernetes Service: How to deploy a Linux Container Workload
AKS_Workload_Completed

4. Conclusion

Deploying Linux Container Workloads at the Azure Kubernetes Service is quite easy. Either deploy it by “Add with YAML” or use e.g.: the dedicated kubectl apply command. Linux based Container are small in the size and rather fast by running it, so it really makes fun to use Linux Container Workloads. The Linux Node Pool is also available by default at the Azure Kubernetes Service, therefore using Linux Containers seems to be expected ;).

References

Microsoft – Azure Portal

Microsoft – Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS)

Microsoft – Docs: Can I run Windows only clusters in AKS?

Kubernetes.io – Workloads: Job

Kubernetes.io – Install Kubectl

GitHub – Blog-Files Post 10

For more great blogs click here

About the Author:

Patrick is a DevOps Engineer, blogger and lecturer. He loves to automate everything. His interest in DevOps came at an early age, while studying software development at the Technical University of Graz. In addition, he joined a Free and Open Source Software non-profit project at that time. Since 2014, he responsible for CI-CD/Cloud/Container/Kubernetes/etc. topics in his department. He runs his own blog about DevOps and has given lectures and workshops at international conferences for several years.

Reference:

Koch, P. (2021). Azure – Kubernetes Service: How to deploy a Linux Container Workload. Available at: https://www.patrickkoch.dev/posts/post_10/ [Accessed: 16th March 2021].

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